Gypsies in Europe

Instructor: Csaba Pronai

The Gypsy culture is a unique phenomenon as compared to other cultures of the world. The Gypsy community can be found in some sort of forms in almost every country of Europe. This „transnational“ or rather „transcultural“ minority embodies the difference everywhere: it is judged with prejudice by the dominant society. This phenomenon derives from the lack of knowledge of the Gypsy people. Cultural anthropologists have been trying to decipher the Gypsy identity since the 1950s. This was a significant turn in the history of Gypsy researches, as contrary to earlier researches this approach focuses mainly on „the Gypsy side“ in the relationship of the Gypsy and non-Gypsy culture. Cultural anthropology percieves the Gypsy culture as an independent complexity, and examines it, by using the method of participant observation during the research, in its own system of meanings and values. Therefore cultural anthropology managed to reveal some new findings. Cultural anthropological studies have challenged fundamentally those stereotypes that are prevalent in the members of the dominant culture. These studies try to unmask the false myths of „dirty“, „nomad“, „lazy“, „indisciplinable“ etc. Gypsy, and fill them with new contents. The goal of the „Gypsies in Europe“ subject is to familiarize the students with these achievements of cultural anthropology.

  1. The „three Europes“ of the Gypsies, 4 types and 3 models of the Gypsy/non-Gypsy relationships

  1. Cultural anthropology and Gypsy cultures

  1. India and the Gypsy language

  1. Nomadism“ and Gypsy cultures

  1. Economic anthropology of Gypsy cultures

  1. Social anthropology of Gypsy cultures

  1. Clean“ and „dirty“ in the Gypsy culture

  1. About the gadjos‘ school and/or about incompetent teachers“

  1. Between verbalism and writing

  1. Music and identity

  1. The antecedents of anthropological researches among the Gypsies in Hungary

  2. Cultural anthropological researches among the Gypsies in Hungary